la commande : vxassist

vendredi 3 juillet 2009
par  Jerome ROBERT
popularité : 23%

L’utilisation de la commande vxassist pour les personnes qui utilise
VxVM.
 

Le site est :

http://www.adminschoice.com/

Page officielle :


http://www.adminschoice.com/docs/vxassist_P.htm

 

 

 

vxassist

General
1. Creating a Volume 
 1.1 Creating a Concatenated Volume
 1.2 Creating a Striped Volume
 1.3 Creating a RAID-5 Volume
2. Extending a Volume
 2.1 Extending a volume up to certain length,
 
  2.2 Extending by a Given Length
3. Shrinking a Volume
 3.1 Shrinking to a Given Length
 3.2 Shrinking by a Given Length
4. Removing a Volume
5. Mirroring a Volume
  5.1 Creating & Mirroring a New Volume
 5.2 Mirroring an Existing Volume
 5.3 Mirroring All Volumes
6. Removing a Mirror
7. Adding a RAID-5 Log
8. Adding a DRL Log
9. Removing a RAID-5 Log
10.Preparing a Volume for Online Backup
11.Displaying Volume Configuration Information
 
General 
The vxassist utility in Veritas Volume Manager is used to create volumes, add mirrors and logs to existing volumes, extend and shrink existing volumes, provides for the migration of data from a specified set of disks, and provides facilities for the on-line backup of existing volumes.
The default behavior of vxassist is to create volumes in the rootdg diskgroup if diskgroup is not specified . The default length is taken as number of blocks but this can be specified in Kilobytes orMegabytes or Gigabytes.

vxassist command syntax :

 vxassist <option> <Keyword> volume_name [attributes]

Commonly used options are given below (See man vxassist for complete list of supported options)
-g for specifying diskgroups
-b for background operation
-d file containing defaults for vxassist if not specified /etc/default/vxassist is used
 
Keywords used are make , mirror , move , growto ,growby ,shrintto ,shirnkby ,snapstart , snapshot ,snapwait

 
Attributes specify volumes layout disks controllar to include exclude etc

Device Nodes :

Default rootdg disk group.

Block Device Node /dev/vx/dsk/volume_name
Raw Device Node /dev/vx/rdsk/volume_name

Other DiskGroups

Block Device Node /dev/vx/dsk/diskgroup_name/volume_name
Raw Device Node /dev/vx/rdsk/diskgroup_name/volume_name

_______________________________________

1. Creating a Volume :

1.1 Creating a Concatenated Volume

By default, vxassist creates a concatenated volume using the space available
on a disk or on the number of disks in a diskgroup if the volume size specified
is more then the one available on a single disk.

Disks can be specified from a diskgroup for a volume group but if not
mentioned available disks are selected by the volume manager.

Command syntax :

· vxassist make volume_name
volume_length

To create a new volume appvol of 100 MB in the default disk group rootdg with available disks :
· #vxassist make appvol 100m

To create the volume appvol of 100MB on disk03

· #vxassist make appvol 100m
disk03

 

1.2 Creating a Striped Volume

A striped volume contains at least one plex that consists of two or more
subdisks located on two or more physical disks.

Command Syntax :

· vxassist make volume_name
length layout=stripe

To create a striped volume appvol2 with the default stripe unit size on the
default number of disks

· #vxassist make appvol2
100m layout=stripe

To create a striped volume appvol2 100MB striped volume on three specific
disks.

· #vxassist make appvol2 100m
layout=stripe disk04 disk05 disk06

1.3 Creating a RAID-5 Volume

A RAID-5 volume contains a RAID-5 plex that consists of two or more subdisks
located on two or more physical disks. Only one RAID-5 plex can exist per
volume. A RAID-5 volume may also contain one or more RAID-5 log plexes, which
are used to log information about data and parity being written to the volume.

Command Syntax :

· vxassist make volume_name
length layout=raid5

To create the RAID-5 volume appvol4 with the default stripe unit size on the
default number of disks with RAID-5 log,

· #vxassist make appvol4 100m
layout=raid5.

2. Extending a Volume

Caution : If you plan to use volume size change (grow or shrink ) on a
volume with data make sure you have the good backup of the volume available
before carrying out such operation .

2.1
Extending a volume up to certain length,

Command syntax

· vxassist growto volume_name
length

To extend vol3 upto 8000 sectors, type :

· #vxassist growto vol3 8000

2.2 Extending by a Given Length

Command Syntax

· vxassist growby volume_name
length

To extend volapp by 1000 sectors, type :

· #vxassist growby volapp 1000

3. Shrinking a Volume

Caution - Do not shrink a volume below the size of the file system. If
you have a VxFS file system, you can shrink the file system and then shrink the
volume. If you do not shrink the file system first, you risk unrecoverable data
loss.

Always make sure you have a good backup of the data volume to be shirnked.

3.1
Shrinking to a Given Length

Shrink a volume to a specific length as follows :

· vxassist shrinkto
volume_name length

Make sure you do not shrink the volume below the current size of the file
system or database using the volume. This command can be safely used on empty
volumes.

To shrink volcat to 1300 sectors, type :

· #vxassist shrinkto volcat
1300

3.2 Shrinking by a Given Length

Shrink a volume by a specific length as follows :

· vxassist shrinkby
volume_name length

To shrink volcat by 8000 sectors, type :

· #vxassist shrinkby volapp2
8000

4. Removing a Volume

Removing a volume requires removing all references to the volumes to be
removed like unmounting the volume if mounted and removing its reference from
/etc/vfstab .

An active volume has to be stopped first to stop all the activities to the
volume only then it can be removed 

Stopping Volume :

Command Syntax

· vxvol stop volume_name

To stop appvol1

· #vxvol stop appvol1

Removing Volume

Command Syntax

· vxedit -rf rm volume_name

To remove the volume appvol1

· #vxedit -rf rm appvol11

5. Mirroring a Volume

Mirroring allow data to be written simultaneously to two disks so that in
case of failure of one disk data is available from the other mirrored disk. Boot
disks can be mirriored to provide alternate booting disk .

5.1
Creating & Mirroring a New Volume

Command Syntax :

· vxassist make volume_name
length layout=mirror

To create the mirrored volume, appvol22 of 100mb

· #vxassist make appvol22 100m
layout=mirror

To create a volume with Dirty Region Logging enabled

· #vxassist make volume_name
length layout=mirror,log

5.2 Mirroring an Existing Volume

Command syntax

· vxassist mirror volume_name

Creating a mirror of volume vol44 :

· #vxassist mirror vol44

5.3 Mirroring All Volumes

To mirror all existing volumes to available disk space

· /etc/vx/bin/vxmirror -a

6. Removing a Mirror

Removing a mirror involves first dissociating the plex from its volume and
then removing the plex and any associated subdisks completely.The last valid
mirror plex associated with a volume cannot be removed.

Dissociate and remove the plex from its volume as follows :

· vxplex -o rm dis plex_name

vxprint -h shows the volume and associated plexes :

Disk group : rootdg TY NAME ASSOC KSTATE LENGTH PLOFFS STATE TUTIL0 PUTIL0 v
volm fsgen ENABLED 10240 - ACTIVE - - pl volm-01 volm ENABLED 10240 - ACTIVE - -
sd disk01-02 volm-01 - 10240 0 - - - pl volm-02 volm ENABLED 10240 - ACTIVE - -
sd disk02-03 volm-02 - 10240 0 - - -

To disassociate and remove volmir-02 from volmir, type :

· #vxplex -o rm dis volm-02

The output of vxprint -h for volm now shows volume volm with only one plex: :

Disk group : rootdg TY NAME ASSOC KSTATE LENGTH PLOFFS STATE TUTIL0 PUTIL0 v
volm fsgen ENABLED 10240 - ACTIVE - - pl volm-01 volmir ENABLED 10240 - ACTIVE -
- sd disk01-02 volmir-01 - 10240 0 - - -

7. Adding a RAID-5 Log

A RAID-5 log maintains a copy of the data and parity being written to the
volume at any given time. If a system failure occurs, VxVM can replay the RAID-5
log to resynchronize the volume. This copies the data and parity that was being
written at the time of failure from the log to the appropriate areas of the
RAID-5 volume.

RAID-5 log plexes are used to log information about data and parity being
written to the raid volume. A log plex is created for the volume by default when
a raid volume is created but additional ones can be added by following command .

· vxassist addlog
name_of_raid5_vol

8. Adding a DRL Log

Dirty region logging (DRL) is used with mirrored volume layouts. DRL keeps
track of the regions that have changed due to I/O writes to a mirrored volume.
Prior to every write, a bitmap is written to a log to record the area of the
disk that is being changed. In case of system failure, DRL uses this information
to recover only the portions of the volume that need to be recovered.

To put Dirty Region Logging into effect for a volume, a log subdisk must be
added to that volume and the volume must be mirrored. Only one log subdisk can
exist per plex.

The following example creates a log for the mirrored volume vol03 :

· #vxassist addlog vol03

When vxassist is used to add a log subdisk to a volume, a log plex is also
created to contain the log subdisk, by default.

Once created, the plex containing a log subdisk can be treated as a regular
plex. Data subdisks can be added to the log plex. The log plex and log subdisk
can be removed using the same procedures used to remove ordinary plexes and
subdisks.

9. Removing a RAID-5 Log

Removing a RAID-5 log involves first dissociating the log from its volume and
then removing the log and any associated subdisks completely.

Dissociate the log from its volume as follows :

· #vxplex -o rm dis
plex_name

To identify the log plex, use the command :

· vxprint -ht
raid5_volume_name

To disassociate the log plex volrd-02 from volrd, type :

· #vxplex -o rm dis volrd-02

 

The output of vxprint -h for volrd now shows :

Disk group : rootdg TY NAME ASSOC
KSTATE LENGTH PLOFFS STATE TUTIL0 PUTIL0 v volrd raid5 ENABLED 32 - ACTIVE - -
pl volrd-01 volrd ENABLED 32 - ACTIVE - - sd disk01-02 volrd-01 - 32 0 - - - sd
disk02-03 volrd-01 - 32 0 - - -

 

10. Preparing a Volume for Online Backup

Volume manager provides an easy way to take backup of the online data by
creating an offline snapshot mirror of the volume .

The vxassist snapstart operation creates a write-only backup mirror, which is
attached to and synchronized with the volume to be backed up and later detached
and made offline by vxassist snapshot command .
The snapshot volume can
be used by backup utilities while the original volume continues to be available
for applications and users.

The volume backup method described here does not apply to RAID-5 volumes.

Backing up a volume with vxassist involves the following procedure

Create a snapshot mirror

snapstart starts creating a online snapshot mirror of the volume using the
available disk space . The snapshot is completed with vxassist snapshot command
when offline snapshot volume is created with a userdefined name .

Command Syntax :

  • vxassist snapstart volume_name

To create a snapshot mirror of a volume called vol8, type

  • #vxassist snapstart vol8

Create a snapshot volume

Command Syntax

vxassist snapshot volume_name new_volume_name

To create a snapshot volume of vol8, type :

#vxassist snapshot vol8 snapvol8

You can now back up the snapshot volume by whatever means you prefer. To
avoid wasting space, you can then remove the snapshot volume, which occupies as
much space as the original volume

11 Displaying Volume Configuration Information

The vxprint command can be used to display information about how a volume is
configured.

Display the volume, mirror, and subdisk record information for all volumes as
follows :

#vxprint -ht


  Disk group : rootdg

DG NAME NCONFIG NLOG MINORS GROUP-ID
DM NAME DEVICE TYPE PRIVLEN PUBLEN STATE
V NAME USETYPE KSTATE STATE LENGTH READPOL PREFPLEX
PL NAME VOLUME KSTATE STATE LENGTH LAYOUT NCOL/WID MODE
SD NAME PLEX DISK DISKOFFS LENGTH [COL/]OFF DEVICE MODE

dg rootdg 759096729.1025.tweety

dm disk10 c1t0d0s2 sliced 559 1044400 -
dm disk20 c2t0d0s2 sliced 559 1044400 -

v pubs fsgen ENABLED ACTIVE 2288 SELECT -
pl pubs-01 pubs ENABLED ACTIVE 2288 CONCAT - RW
sd disk10-01 pubs-01 disk10 0 2288 0 c0t0d0 ENA

v vol8 fsgen ENABLED ACTIVE 20480 SELECT -
pl vol8-01 vol8 ENABLED ACTIVE 20480 CONCAT - RW
sd disk10-02 vol8-0 disk10 2288 20480 0 c0t1d0 ENA

where dg is a disk group, dm is a disk, v is a volume, pl is a plex, and sd
is a subdisk. The top few lines indicate the headers that match each type of
output line that follows. Each volume is listed along with its associated
plex(es) and subdisk(s).

Display volume-related information for a specific volume as follows :

#vxprint -t volume_name

To display information about vol8, type :

#vxprint -t vol8

 


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